October 31, 2020

Mitter Sain Meet

Novelist and Legal Consultant

ਉਹ ਸ਼ਰਤਾਂ ਜੋ ਜ਼ਮਾਨਤ ਮੰਨਜ਼ੁਰ ਕਰਦੇ ਸਮੇਂ ਨਹੀਂ ਲਗਾਈਆਂ ਜਾ ਸਕਦੀਆਂ (Conditions which cannot be imposed while granting bail)

ਉਹ ਸ਼ਰਤਾਂ ਜੋ ਜ਼ਮਾਨਤ ਮੰਨਜ਼ੁਰ ਕਰਦੇ ਸਮੇਂ ਨਹੀਂ ਲਗਾਈਆਂ ਜਾ ਸਕਦੀਆਂ (Conditions which cannot be imposed while granting bail)

 1.ਅਦਾਲਤ ਪੁਲਿਸ ਉੱਪਰ, ਗ੍ਰਿਫਤਾਰੀ ਤੋਂ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ, ਦੋਸ਼ੀ ਨੂੰ ਕੁਝ ਦਿਨਾਂ ਦਾ ਨੋਟਿਸ ਦੇਣ ਦੀ ਸ਼ਰਤ ਨਹੀਂ ਲਗਾ ਸਕਦੀ।

Case : Union of India vs Padam Narain Aggarwal etc. 2008 (4) RCR (criminal) 665 (SC)

Para “64. ….. Secondly, it illegally obstructs, interferes and curtails the authority of Custom Officers from exercising statutory power of arrest a person said to have committed a non-bailable offence by imposing a condition of giving ten days prior notice, a condition not warranted by law..”

 2. ਅਦਾਲਤ ਦੋਸ਼ੀ ਦਾ ਡਾਕਟਰੀ ਮੁਆਇਨਾ ਕਿਸੇ ‘ਵਿਸ਼ੇਸ਼ ਡਾਕਟਰ’ ਕੋਲੋਂ ਕਰਵਾਏ ਜਾਣ ਦਾ ਹੁਕਮ ਜਾਰੀ ਨਹੀਂ ਕਰ ਸਕਦੀ।

Case :  Directorate of enforcement Vs. Ashok Kumar Jain, 1998 Cr.L.J.861 (SC – FB)

Para “8. ….. But to say that interrogation should be subject to the opinion of the cardiologists of the AIIMS and that the officials of the Directorate should approach the Director of AIIMS to constitute a Board of cardiologists to examine the respondent etc. would, in our opinion, considerably impair the efficient functioning of the investigating authorities under FERA. The authorities should have been given freedom to chalk out such measures as are necessary to protect the health of the person who would be subjected to interrogatory process. They cannot be nailed to fixed modalities stipulated by the Court for conducting interrogations. ….But we are not in favour of stipulating in advance modalities to be followed by the authorities for that purpose. According to us such anticipatory stipulations are interferences with the efficient exercise of statutory functions when dealing with economic offences. Hence learned single judge ought not have imposed such conditions on the Directorate.”

3.  ਅਦਾਲਤ ਪੁਲਿਸ ਉੱਪਰ, ਦੋਸ਼ੀ ਨੂੰ ਕਿਸੇ ਵਿਸ਼ੇਸ਼ ਥਾਂ, ਦਿਨ ਜਾਂ ਸਮੇਂ ਆਦਿ ਉੱਪਰ ਪੁੱਛ-ਗਿੱਛ ਕਰਨ ਦੀ, ਸ਼ਰਤ ਨਹੀਂ ਲਗਾ ਸਕਦੀ।

Case : Dukhishyam Benupani, Assistant Director Enforcement Directorate (FERA) Vs. Arun Kumar Bajoria, 1998 Crl.L.J. 841 (1) (SC)

Para “7. It seems rather unusual that when the aggrieved party approached the High Court challenging the order passed by a subordinate Court the High Court made the position worse for the aggrieved party. The officials of the Directorate are now injuncted by the Division Bench from arresting the respondent and the time and places for carrying out the interrogations were also fixed by the Division Bench. Such kind of supervision on the enquiry or investigation under a statute is uncalled for. We have no doubt that such type of interference would impede the even course of enquiry or investigation into the serious allegations now pending

4. ਅਦਾਲਤ ਪੁਲਿਸ ਉੱਪਰ ਗ੍ਰਿਫਤਾਰੀ ਤੋਂ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ ਦੋਸ਼ੀ ਨੂੰ ਕੁਝ ਦਿਨਾਂ ਦਾ ਨੋਟਿਸ ਦੇਣ ਦੀ ਸ਼ਰਤ ਨਹੀਂ ਲਗਾ ਸਕਦੀ।

Case : Union of India vs. Padam Narain Aggarwal etc. 2008 (4) RCR (criminal) 665 (SC)    

Para “64. ….. Secondly, it illegally obstructs, interferes and curtails the authority of Customs Officer from exercising statutory powers of arrest a person said to have committed a non-bailable offence by imposing a condition of giving 10 days prior notice, a condition not warranted by law.”

5. ਅਦਾਲਤ ਪੇਸ਼ਗੀ ਜ਼ਮਾਨਤ ਦਾ ਹੁਕਮ ਦੇਣ ਤੋਂ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ, ਦੋਸ਼ੀ ਨੂੰ ਇੱਕ ਨਿਸ਼ਚਿਤ ਰਕਮ ਅਦਾਲਤ ਵਿੱਚ ਜਮ੍ਹਾ ਕਰਵਾਉਣ ਦੀ ਸ਼ਰਤ ਨਹੀਂ ਲਗਾ ਸਕਦੀ।

Case: Avinash Arora and other Vs. state of U.T.Chandigarh and another, 2000 Crl.L.J. 4674 (SC)

Para “2. ….. Having heard the learned counsel for the parties, we have no hesitation to come to the conclusion that the Court committed error in passing the conditional order of depositing Rs. 10 crores for grant of anticipatory bail as in our view, this cannot be held to be an exercise of judicial discretion…”