September 29, 2023

Mitter Sain Meet

Novelist and Legal Consultant

ਸੰਗੀਨ ਜ਼ੁਰਮ ਅਤੇ ਪੇਸ਼ਗੀ ਜ਼ਮਾਨਤ ( Anticipatory bail in heinous crimes)

 A.  ਦਹੇਜ ਹੱਤਿਆ ਅਤੇ ਕਤਲ ( Dowry death and murder)

 1. ਦਹੇਜ ਹੱਤਿਆ (dowry death) ਇੱਕ ਸੰਗੀਨ ਜ਼ੁਰਮ ਹੈ। ਅਜਿਹੇ ਮੁਕੱਦਮਿਆਂ ਵਿੱਚ ਦੋਸ਼ੀ ਨੂੰ ਪੇਸ਼ਗੀ ਜ਼ਮਾਨਤ ਦਾ ਲਾਭ ਨਹੀਂ ਦਿੱਤਾ ਜਾ ਸਕਦਾ।

Case : Samudar Singh vs. State of Rajasthan, 1987 Cr.L.J.7059 (SC)

We are of the opinion that the High Court should not have exercised its jurisdiction to release the accused on anticipatory bail in disregard of the magnitude and seriousness of the matter.”

2. ਦਹੇਜ ਹੱਤਿਆ ਦੀ ਤਫਤੀਸ਼ ਦੇ ਦੌਰਾਨ ਦੋਸ਼ੀ ਨੂੰ ਪੇਸ਼ਗੀ ਜ਼ਮਾਨਤ ਦਾ ਲਾਭ ਨਹੀਂ ਦਿੱਤਾ ਜਾ ਸਕਦਾ।

Case : Samudar Singh vs. State of Rajasthan, 1987 Cr.L.J.705

“The matter regarding the unnatural death of the daughter-in-law at the house of her father-in-law was still under investigation and the appropriate course to adopt was to allow the concerned Magistrate to deal with the same on the basis of the material before the Court at the point of time of their arrest in case they were arrested. It was neither prudent nor proper for the High Court to have granted anticipatory bail which order was very likely to occasion prejudice by its very nature and timing. We therefore consider it essential to sound a serious note of caution for future. The High Court is under no compulsion to exercise its jurisdiction to grant anticipatory bail in a matter of this nature.”

3. ਦਹੇਜ ਹੱਤਿਆ ਦੇ ਕੇਸ ਵਿਚ ਦੋਸ਼ੀ ਦੀ ਪੇਸ਼ਗੀ ਜ਼ਮਾਨਤ ਕੇਵਲ ਇਸ ਅਧਾਰ ਤੇ ਨਹੀਂ ਕੀਤੀ ਜਾ ਸਕਦੀ ਕਿ ਉਹ ਬਾਕੀ ਦੋਸ਼ੀਆਂ ਤੋਂ ਵੱਖਰਾ ਰਹਿੰਦਾ ਹੈ।

Case : Ananda Gopal Saha and others v/s State of W.B 1996Cri.L.J.1784 (Calcutta – HC, DB)

Para “5. Having considered the respective submissions, we are of the view that the separate residence may be considered in disposing of anticipatory bail. But it is not the lone ground where the allegations of torture and dowry death could automatically throttle the allegations…”

 4. ਕਤਲ ਦੇ ਕੇਸਾਂ ਵਿੱਚ ਪੇਸ਼ਗੀ ਜ਼ਮਾਨਤ ਦਾ ਲਾਭ ਕੇਵਲ ਮਜ਼ਬੂਰੀ ਵਸ (compelling circumstances) ਹੀ ਦੇਣਾ ਚਾਹੀਦਾ ਹੈ।

Case: Pokar Ram Vs. State of Rajasthan, 1985 Crl.L.J. 1175 (1)

Para “13. Before we conclude this judgment, it must be made distinctly clear that some very compelling circumstances must be made out for granting bail to a person accused of committing murder and that too when the investigation is in progress. ……”

 B. ਹੋਰ ਸੰਗੀਨ ਜ਼ੁਰਮ ( Other heinous crimes)

 1. ਨੌਕਰੀ ਲਈ ਪੈਸੇ ਵਸੂਲਣ (sale of job) ਵਰਗੇ ਜ਼ੁਰਮ ਵਿੱਚ ਦੋਸ਼ੀ ਨੂੰ ਪੇਸ਼ਗੀ ਜ਼ਮਾਨਤ ਦਾ ਲਾਭ ਨਹੀਂ ਦਿੱਤਾ ਜਾ ਸਕਦਾ।

Case : Kuldip Singh vs. State of Punjab, 2004 Crl.L.J. 1006 (P & H – HC)

Para “4. The Court in order to secure the interest of the poor investors granted limited indulgence and protection to the petitioner for a period of two weeks so that during this period the petitioner may bring in substantial amount so that these small investors could at least get part of their deposits. …..

“It is however made clear that in case the said amount as undertaken by the counsel for the petitioner is not deposited, the petitioner shall not be entitled to any indulgence from this Court.”